[h3]What do you know about malaria?[/h3]
[citem title=”What animal is the deadliest?” id=”citem_1″ parent=”collapse_009″]
The mosquito. The anopheles (female) mosquito can inject its victim with malaria, a disease that threatens half the worlds’ population, killing more than a million people a year, mostly children and pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa.
[citem title=”How many children die from malaria a year?” id=”citem_2″ parent=”collapse_009″]
Malaria kills a child every 30 seconds. Roughly 2800 children a day. 800,000 children a year.
[citem title=”If it doesn’t kill you, what does it do to you?” id=”citem_3″ parent=”collapse_009″]
Malaria is a major cause of anemia, premature birth, infant mortality and maternal deaths. It accounts for 60% of fetal losses and over 10% of maternal deaths. It significantly aggravates the condition of HIV-infected people and increases HIV transmission.
[citem title=”True or false: one bout of malaria equals a loss of 10 working days?” id=”citem_4″ parent=”collapse_009″]
True. Malaria affects productivity and traps communities in continuing poverty. One bout of malaria keeps a child out of school for a month, a father out of work for at least 10 days, and a mother away from her children for a week. Malaria impoverishes millions. The disease causes an average loss of 1.3 % of annual economic growth in countries with intense transmission, as well accounting for as much as 40% of public health expenditure, 30% of inpatient admissions and up to 60% of outpatient visits.
[citem title=”Can it be treated?” id=”citem_5″ parent=”collapse_009″]
Malaria is preventable and treatable, but fatal if not treated properly with effective medicines. ACTs are considered the front-line drugs which cost $1.00 – $2.00 per treatment. A major problem in endemic areas has been the accessibility and affordability of medicines. Most hospitals are not stocked with the subsidized medicines, which ups the cost of treatment, making it too expensive for the average person who survives on a $1.00 a day.
[citem title=”Is there a vaccine?” id=”citem_6″ parent=”collapse_009″]
After 25 years of vaccination research and development, there is still no vaccine available. The disease has over 5000 strands. It will take time to develop a permanent cure, but there is hope. At the start of 2010, Bill Gates donated $10 billion for a 10 year vaccination development plan. Seattle BioMed and PATH lead the way in malaria vaccine clinical trials.
[citem title=”What is the solution?” id=”citem_7″ parent=”collapse_009″]
There is not just one solution. To tackle malaria it requires a ramp-up in efforts focused on prevention (distribution of Long-Lasting insecticide nets and insecticide residual sprays), distribution of affordable medicines and of course, a vaccine. Did you know malaria was once a problem in America, killing millions back in the early 1900s? It was eradicated in the 50s through the use of DDT and anti-malaria medicines. History proves it can be stopped.
[col class=”span5″][blockquote-right cite=”Kristen Kenney”]Malaria is a mosquito borne disease that kills nearly 800-thousand people a year, mostly children. The cost to treat malaria can be as little as $1.00.[/blockquote-right]